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Xiang Gao
Xiang Gao
Director of Nutritional Epidemiology Lab
Summary Statement

As an epidemiologist, Dr. Gao is interested in nutritional epidemiology, sleep disorders, neurological diseases, aging,  stress, and global health.

  • Nutritional Sciences - NUTR
  • Graduate Program
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  • M.D., Shanghai Second Medical University, 1994
  • Ph.D., Tufts University, 2005
  • M.S., Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy for Medical Science, 2001
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Currently Accepting Graduate Students
Office Address
109 Chandlee Lab
University Park, PA 16802
Professional Credentials

MD, Ph.D.

Grants and Research Projects

Dr Gao’s research interests include nutritional Epidemiology, sleep disorders, neurological diseases, aging, global health and stress. Data from several large international ongoing prospective cohorts have been used, in which approximately ~500,000 men and women have been followed regarding their lifestyles and health conditions. These cohorts include the Nurses’ Health Study, the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort, and the Kailuan Cohort.

  • Ma C, Molsberry S, Li Y, Schwarzschild MA, Ascherio A, and Gao X. Dietary nicotine intake and risk of Parkinson disease: a prospective study.  Am J Clin Nutr, 2020, July 29 Epub Ahead of Print.
  • Li Y, Li YP, Gurol ME, Liu Y, Yang P, Shi J, Zhuang S, Forman MR, Wu S, and Gao X. In Utero exposure to the great Chinese famine and risk of intracerebral hemorrhage in midlife. Neurology 2020;94 (19), e1996-e2004
  • Ma C, Gurol ME, Huang Z, Lichtenstein AH, Wang X, Wang Y, Neumann,  Wu S, and Gao X. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and risk of intracerebral hemorrhage: a prospective study. Neurology 2019;93 (5), e445-e457
  • Zhuang S, Na M, Winkelman JW, Ba D, Liu CF, Liu G, and Gao X. Association of restless legs syndrome with risk of suicide and self-harm. JAMA network open, 2019;2 (8), e199966-e199966
  • Na M, Dou N, Ji N, Xie D, Huang J, Tucker KL, and Gao X. Food insecurity and cognitive function in middle to older adulthood: a systematic review. Advances in Nutrition, 2019;11 (3), 667-676
  • Lv Y, Gao X, Yin Z, Chen H, Luo J, Brasher MS, Kraus VB, Li T, Zeng Y, and Shi X. Revisiting the association of blood pressure with mortality in oldest old people in China: community based, longitudinal prospective study. BMJ, 2018;361:k2158
  • Ma C, Pavlova M, Liu Y, Liu Y, Huangfu C, Wu S, and Gao X. Probable rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder and risk of stroke: a prospective study. Neurology. 2017; 88(19): 1849-55
  • Huang S, Li J, Shearer G, Lichtenstein A, Zheng X, Wu Y, Cheng J, Wu S, and Gao X. Longitudinal study of alcohol consumption and high-density lipoprotein concentrations: a community-based study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017; 105(4): 905-12
  • Cheng FW, Li Y, Winkelman JW, Hu FB, Rimm EB, Gao X. Probable insomnia is associated with future total energy intake and diet quality in men. Am J Clin Nutr, 2016; 104(2): 462-9
  • Li Y, Zhang X, Winkelman JW, Redline S, Hu FB, Stampfer M, Ma J, Gao X. The association between insomnia symptoms and mortality: a prospective study of US men. Circulation, 2014;129;737-746
  • Li Y, Wang W, Winkelman JW, Malhotra A, Ma J, and Gao X. Prospective study of restless legs syndrome and mortality among men. Neurology, 2013; 81(1):52-9
  • Gao X, Cassidy A, Schwarzschild MA, Rimm E and Ascherio A. Habitual intake of dietary flavonoids and risk of Parkinson's disease. Neurology, 2012;78(15):1138-45
  • Li Y, Walters AS, Chiuve SE, Rimm EB, Winkelman JW, Gao X. Prospective study of restless legs syndrome and coronary heart disease among women. Circulation, 2012;126(14):1689-94
  • Gao X, Simon KC, Han J, Schwarzschild MA, Ascherio A. Genetic determinants of hair color and Parkinson’s disease risk. Ann Neurol. 2009; 65(1):76-82
  • Gao X, Scott T, Falcon LM, Wilde PE, Tucker KL. Food insecurity and cognitive function in Puerto Rican adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89;1197-1203