Ph.D., from University of Maryland
Youth development through leisure, leisure and health, and prevention
Tibbits, M., Caldwell, L. L., Smith, E. A., & Wegner, L. (in press). The relation between leisure activity participation profiles and substance use among South African youth. World Leisure
Wegner, L. & Caldwell, L. L. (in press). Interventions for out-of-school contexts. In C. Ward & Dawes A. (Eds). Youth Violence in South Africa. HSRC press.
Caldwell, L. L. (in press). Using theory as basis for getting to outcomes. N. Stumbo (Ed.). Client Outcomes in Therapeutic Recreation Services, (2nd Ed.) State College, PA: Venture Publishing.
Caldwell, L. L. (2009). Prevention through leisure education: Addressing youth risk behavior in China. Journal of Zhejiang University (Humanities and Social Sciences), 39, 112-120.
Caldwell, L. L. (2008). Youth development through leisure: A global perspective. World Leisure Journal, 50, 3-17.
Caldwell, L. L., Younker, A., Wegner, L., Patrick, M., Vergnani, T., Smith, E. A., & Flisher, A. (2008). Understanding leisure-related program effects by using process data in the HealthWise South Africa project. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 26, 146-162.
Caldwell, L. L., Weichold, K., & Smith, E. A. (2006). Peer influence, substance use, and leisure: A cross cultural comparison. SUCHT (German Journal of Addiction Research and Practice) , 52, 261-267.
Caldwell, L. L., & Smith E. A. (2006). Leisure as a context for youth development and delinquency prevention. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 39.
Mpofu, E., Caldwell, L. L., Smith, E., Flisher, A. J., Mathews, C., Wegner, L., & Vergnani, T. (2006). Rasch Modleing of the structure of health risk behavior in South African adolescents. Journal of Applied Measurement, 7, 323-334.
Palen, L., Smith, E. A., Caldwell, L. L., Flisher, A. J. & Mpofu, E. (2006). Substance use and sexual risk behavior among South African eighth grade students. Journal of Adolescent Health.
RPTM 433 Research and Evaluation in Recreation and Parks
RPTM 476 Leisure Education
RPTM 527 Social Psychology of Leisure
RPTM 570 Trends and Issues in Therapeutic Recreation
Domains of Health and Behavior