Robert B. Eckhardt

 Robert Eckhardt

Professor of Developmental Genetics and Evolutionary Morphology

Contact Information

203 Water Tower
The Pennsylvania State University
University Park PA 16802


(fax) 814-865-1275


Ph.D., 1971, Anthropology and Human Genetics, University of Michigan

Research Interests

Interaction of genetic and environmental influences on growth and development in human populations; musculo-skeletal structures are of primary interest. Current study techniques emphasize computer imaging and analysis of two-dimensional and three-dimensional data representing anatomical structures. Particular emphasis is placed on integration of molecular and morphological perspectives on development. 


  • Structure, function, development and evolution of the human musculoskeletal system
  • Empirical acquired biophilosophy ("Outside of a book, a dog is man's best friend; inside a dog it's too dark to read.")

Selected Publications

Jacob, T., Indriati, I., Soejono, R., Hsü, K., Frayer, D. W., Eckhardt, R. B., Kuperavage, A. J., Thorne, A., and Henneberg, M. 2006. Pygmoid australomelanesian Homo sapiens skeletal remains from Liang Bua, Flores: population affinities and pathological abnormalities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103:13421-13426.

Reno, P. L., D. DeGusta, M. A. Serrat, R. S. Meindl, T. D. White, R. B. Eckhardt, A. J. Kuperavage, K. Galik, and C. O. Lovejoy. 2005. Plio-Pleistocene hominid limb proportions: Evolutionary reversal or estimation errors? Current Anthropology 46. 575-588.

Sommer, H. J., III, Eckhardt, R. B., and T. Y. Shiang. 2006. Superquadric modeling of cerebral shape and asymmetry. American Journal of Physical Anthropolgy 129: 189-196.

Galik, K., B. Senut, M. Pickford, D. Gommery, J. Treil, A. Kuperavage, and R. B. Eckhardt. 2004. External and Internal Mophology of the BAR 1002'00 Orrorin tugenensis Femur. Science 305:1450-1453.

Strategic Themes

  • Domains of Health and Behavior