Robert B. Eckhardt
Professor of Developmental Genetics and Evolutionary Morphology
203 Water Tower
The Pennsylvania State University
University Park PA 16802
Ph.D., 1971, Anthropology and Human Genetics, University of Michigan
Interaction of genetic and environmental influences on growth and development in human populations; musculo-skeletal structures are of primary interest. Current study techniques emphasize computer imaging and analysis of two-dimensional and three-dimensional data representing anatomical structures. Particular emphasis is placed on integration of molecular and morphological perspectives on development.
Structure, function, development and evolution of the human musculoskeletal system
Empirical acquired biophilosophy ("Outside of a book, a dog is man's best friend; inside a dog it's too dark to read.")
Eckhardt RB. 1987. Hominoid nasal region polymorphism and its phylogenetic significance. Nature 328:333-335.
Eckhardt RB. 2000. Human Paleobiology. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Galik K, B. Senut B, Pickford M, Gommery D, Treil J, A. Kuperavage A, Eckhardt RB. 2004. External and internal mophology of the BAR 1002'00 Orrorin tugenensis Femur. Science 305:1450-1453.
Jacob T, Indriati I, Soejono R, Hsü K., Frayer DW, Eckhardt RB, Kuperavage AJ, Thorne A, and Henneberg M. 2006. Pygmoid Australomelanesian Homo sapiens skeletal remains from Liang Bua, Flores: population affinities and pathological abnormalities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103:13421-13426.
Whipple T, Eckhardt RBE. 2010. The Endurance Paradox. Left Coast Press, Routledge Division of Taylor & Francis: London.
Eckhardt RB, Henneberg M, Weller AW, Hsü KJ. 2014. Rare events in earth history: the LB1 human skeleton from Flores, Indonesia, represents developmental singularity, not taxonomic uniqueness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 111(33):11961-11966. (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1407385111).
Henneberg M, Eckhardt RB, Chavanaves S, Hsü KJ (2014). Evolved developmental homeostasis disturbed: LB1 Skeleton from Flores, Indonesia, manifests Down syndrome, not diagnostic traits of an invalid new species, “Homo floresiensis.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 111(33):11967-11972. (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1407382111).
Eckhardt RB, Henneberg M, Chavanaves S, Weller AS, Hsü KJ. 2015. Reply to Westaway et al.: Mandibular misrepresentations fail to support the invalid species Homo floresiensis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 112(7):E606-E607. (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1422176112).
- Domains of Health and Behavior