Skip to main content
Search search
Mobile Search:
Alison Gernand
Alison D. Gernand
Ann Atherton Hertzler Early Career Professor in Global Health
Assistant Professor
Summary Statement

Micronutrients and pregnancy; placenta; adverse pregnancy outcomes; plasma volume; public health issues in low- and middle-income countries.

Department
  • Nutritional Sciences - NUTR
  • Graduate Program
+ See All - See Less
Education
  • PhD, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2011
  • MPH, University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston, 2003
  • RD, University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston, 2002
+ See All - See Less
Currently Accepting Graduate Students
Phone
Fax
814-863-6103
Professional Credentials

PhD, MPH, RD

Affiliations
  • Center for Reproductive Biology and Health (CRBH), Penn State
  • Center for Women's Health Research
Interests
  • Micronutrient deficiencies (in particular, vitamin D)
  • Pregnancy and prepregnancy maternal nutritional status
  • Placenta (growth, vascular development and angiogenesis, pathology)
  • Adverse pregnancy outcomes (fetal growth restriction and SGA, preeclampsia, preterm birth)
  • Plasma volume and biomarker concentrations
  • Public health issues in low-income and middle-income countries
Grants and Research Projects
  • Micronutrient deficiencies (in particular, vitamin D)
  • Pregnancy and prepregnancy maternal nutritional status
  • Placenta (growth, vascular development and angiogenesis, pathology)
  • Adverse pregnancy outcomes (fetal growth restriction and SGA, preeclampsia, preterm birth)
  • Plasma volume and biomarker concentrations
  • Public health issues in low-income and middle-income countries
Publications
  • Maric-Bilkan C, Arteaga S, Bourjeily G, Abrahams V, Conrad KP, Catov JM, Costantine M, Cox B, Garovic V, George E, Gernand AD, Jeyabalan A, Karumanchi SA, Santillan M, Thornburg K, Ward K, Laposky A, Miodovnik M, Mitchell M, Tsigas E, Reddy U, Pemberton V, Myatt L, Roberts JM. Research Recommendations from the National Institutes of Health Workshop on Predicting, Preventing and Treating Preeclampsia Hypertension. 2019 Jan. In press.

  • Freigoun MT, Rivera DE, Guo P, Hohman EE, Gernand AD, Symons Downs D, Savage JS. A dynamical systems model of intrauterine fetal growth. Mathematical and Computer Modelling of Dynamical Systems. 2018 Oct 7. PMID: 30498392.

  • Assibey-Mensah V, Parks WT, Gernand AD, Catov JM. Race and risk of maternal vascular malperfusion lesions in the placenta. Placenta. Sep 2018;69:102-108. PMID: 30213478.

  • Roth DA, Morris SK, Zlotkin S, Gernand AD, Ahmed T, Shanta SS, Papp E, Korsiak J, Shi J, Islam MM, Jahan I, Keya FK, Willan AR, Weksberg R, Mohsin M, Rahman QS, Shah PS, Murphy KE, Stimec J, Pell LG, Qamar H, Mahmud AA. Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy and lactation to promote infant growth. N Engl J Med. 2018 Aug 9. PMID: 30089075.
  • Gernand AD, Paul RR, Ullah B, Taher MA, Witter FR, Wu L, Labrique AB, West KP Jr, Christian P. A home calendar and recall method of last menstrual period for estimating gestational age in rural Bangladesh: a validation study. J Health Popul Nutr. 2016; 35(1). PMID: 27769295.

  • Gernand AD, Simhan HN, Baca KM, Caritis S, Bodnar LM. Vitamin D, preeclampsia, and preterm birth among pregnancies at high risk for preeclampsia: an analysis of data from a low-dose aspirin trial. BJOG. 2016 Oct 5. PMID: 27704679.

  • Gernand AD, Schulze KJ, Stewart CP, West KP Jr, Christian P. Micronutrient deficiencies in pregnancy worldwide: health effects and prevention. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2016 May;12(5):274-89. PMID: 27032981.

  • Gernand AD, Schulze KJ, Nanayakkara-Bind A, Arguello M, Shamim AA, Ali H, Wu L, West KP Jr, Christian P. Effects of prenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on fetal growth factors: a cluster-randomized, controlled trial in rural Bangladesh. PloS one. 2015;10(10). PMID: 26431336

  • Roth DE, Gernand AD, Morris SK, Pezzack B, Islam MM, Dimitris MC, Shanta SS, Zlotkin SH, Willan AR, Ahmed T, Shah PS, Murphy KE, Weksberg R, Choufani S, Shah R, Al Mahmud A. Maternal vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy and lactation to promote infant growth in Dhaka, Bangladesh (MDIG trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2015 Jul 14;16:300. PMID: 26169781.

  • Bodnar LM, Klebanoff MA, Gernand AD, Platt RW, Parks WT, Catov JM, Simhan HN. Maternal vitamin D status and spontaneous preterm birth by placental histology in the US.Collaborative Perinatal Project. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2014 Jan 15;179(2):168-76.

  • Gernand AD, Simhan HN, Caritis S, Bodnar LM. Maternal vitamin D status and small-for-gestational-age offspring in women at high-risk for preeclampsia. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2014 Jan;123(1):40-8.

  • Bodnar LM, Abrams B, Bertolet M, Gernand AD, Parisi SM, Himes KP, Lash TL. Validity of birth certificate-derived maternal weight data. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 2014 May;28(3):203-12.

  • Gernand AD, Klebanoff MA, Simhan HN, Bodnar LM. Maternal vitamin D status, prolonged labor, and cesarean and instrumental delivery in an era with a low cesarean rate. Journal of Perinatology. 2014 Aug 7. [Epub ahead of print]

  • Eckhardt CL, Gernand AD, Roth DE, Bodnar LM. Maternal vitamin D status and infant anthropometry in a U.S. multicenter cohort study. Annals of Human Biology. 2014 Sep 30:1-8. [Epub ahead of print]

  • Groopman JD, Egner PA, Schulze KJ, Wu LS, Merrill R, Mehra S, Shamim AA, Ali H, Shaikh S, Gernand AD, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, West Jr KP, Christian P. Aflatoxin-Albumin Biomarkers in Pregnancy and from Birth to Two Years of Age in Rural South Asia: Toxic Exposure in the First 1000 Days of Life. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2014 Dec;74:184-9.

  • Gernand AD, Bodnar LM, Klebanoff MA, Parks WT, Simhan HN. Maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D, placental vascular pathology, and birth weight in a multicenter US cohort. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013 Aug;98(2):383-388. PMID: 23803889.

  • Gernand AD, Simhan HN, Klebanoff MA, Bodnar LM. Maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and measures of newborn and placental weight in a U.S. multicenter cohort study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2013 Jan;98(1):398-404. PMID:23162094.

  • Gernand AD, Christian P, Paul RR, Shaikh S, Labrique AB, Schulze KJ, Shamim AA, West KP Jr. Maternal Weight and Body Composition during Pregnancy Are Associated with Placental and Birth Weight in Rural Bangladesh. Journal of Nutrition. 2012 Nov;142(11):2010-6. PMID: 22990469.

  • Gernand AD, Christian P, Schulze KJ, Shaikh S, Labrique AB, Shamim AA, West KP Jr. Maternal nutritional status in early pregnancy is associated with body water and plasma volume changes in a pregnancy cohort in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Nutrition. 2012 Jun;142(6):1109-15. PMID: 22535759.

  • Sharma SV, Gernand AD, Day RS. Nutrition knowledge predicts eating behavior of all food groups except fruits and vegetables among adults in the Paso del Norte region: Qué Sabrosa Vida. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2008 Nov-Dec; 40(6):361-8. PMID: 18984492.

Additional Information

Courses Taught

  • NUTR 451 - Nutrition throughout the Life Cycle
  • NUTR 456 - Community Nutrition
  • NUTR 511 - Maternal and Child Nutrition
  • NUTR 583 - Nutritional Epidemiology