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Barbara Rolls
Barbara J. Rolls
Professor and Helen A. Guthrie Chair
Director, Laboratory for the Study of Human Ingestive Behavior
Summary Statement

Satiety and obesity; Influence of food characteristics such as variety, energy density, and portion size on energy intake across the lifespan.

Department
  • Nutritional Sciences - NUTR
  • Graduate Program
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Education
  • Ph.D., University of Cambridge, England, 1970
  • M.A. University of Oxford, England, 1970
  • B.A. in Biology (Cum Laude) University of Pennsylvania, 1966
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Currently Accepting Graduate Students
Phone
Email
Office Address
226 Henderson Building
University Park, PA 16802
Fax
814-863-8574
Professional Credentials

PhD

Grants and Research Projects

Psychological and environmental controls of food intake and food selection in children and adults with normal weight or obesity.

Dietary strategies for weight management.

Publications

Original Research Articles (past 5 years):

  • Jensen, M.D., Mikhail, D.S., Rolls, B.J., Yost, K.J., Balls-Berry, J.E., Gall, M., Blixt, K.R., Novotny, P.J. and Albertie, M. (2018). A questionnaire for weight management nutrition knowledge –development and validation testing. Obesity. Under review.
  • Reale, S., Kearney, C.M., Hetherington, M.M., Croden, F., Cecil, J.E., Carstairs, S.A., Rolls, B.J. and  Caton, S.J. (2018). The feasibility and acceptability of two methods of snack portion control in United Kingdom (UK) preschool children: Reduction and replacement. Nutrients; 10: 1493.
  • Hetherington, M.M. and Rolls, B.J. (2018). Favouring more rigour when investigating human eating behavior is like supporting motherhood and apple pie: A response to Robinson, Bevelander, Field, and Jones (2018). Appetite. 130:330-333.
  • James, B.L., Loken, E., Roe, L.S., Myrissa, K., Lawton, C., Dye, L. and Rolls, B.J. (2018). Validation of the Diet Satisfaction Questionnaire: A new measure of satisfaction with diets for weight management. Obesity Science & Practice. In press.
  • Sharps, M.A., Hetherington, M.M., Blundell-Birtill, P., Rolls, B.J. and Evans, C.E.L. (2018). The influence of fictitious peers in a social media intervention for downsizing portions: The Smart Snacking Studies. Appetite. Submitted.
  • Zuraikat, F.M., Roe, L.S., Smethers, A.D. and Rolls, B.J. (2018). Doggy bags and downsizing: Packaging uneaten food to go after a meal attenuates the portion size effect in women. Appetite; 129:162-170.
  • Hetherington, M.M., Blundell-Birtill, P., Carstairs, S., Croden, F., Caton, S., Cecil, J.,Evans, C., Kearney, C., Reale, S., Shafiq, I., Sharps, M., Rolls, B.J., Tang, T. and Vazirian, M. (2018). Understanding the science of portion control and downsizing. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society; 77:347-355.
  • Zuraikat, F.M., Roe, L.S., Smethers, A., Reihart, L. and Rolls, B.J.  (2018). Does the cost of a meal influence the portion size effect? Appetite; 127:341-381.
  • Keller, K.L., English, L.K., Fearnbach, S.N., Lasschuijt, M., Anderson, K., Bermudez, M., Fisher, J.O., Rolls, B.J., and Wilson, S.J. (2018). Brain response to food cues varying in portion size is associated with individual differences in the portion size effect in children. Appetite; 125:139-151.
  • English, L.K., Masterson, T.D., Fearnbach, S.N., Tanofsky-Kraff, M., Fisher, J., Rolls, B.J. and Keller, K.L. (2018). Increased brain and behavioral susceptibility to portion size in children with loss of control eating. Pediatric Obesity. DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.12436.
  • Fritts, J.R., Fort, C., Quinn Corr, A., Lang, Q., Alla, L., Cravener, T., Hayes, J.E., Rolls, B.J., D'Adamo, C., and Keller, K.L. (2018). Herbs and spices increase liking and preference for vegetables among rural high school students. Food Quality and Preference; 68:125-134.
  • Zuraikat, F.M., Sanchez, C., Roe, L.S. and Rolls, B.J. (2018). Comparing the portion size effect in women with and without extended training in portion control: a follow-up to the Portion-Control Strategies Trial. Appetite; 123:334-342.
  • Symons Downs, D.S., Savage Williams, J., Rivera, D.E., Collins, L.M., Smyth, J., Rolls, B.J., Hohman, E., McNitt, K., Kunselman, A., Stetter, C., Pauley, A.M., Leonard, K.S. and Guo, P. (2018). Individually-tailored, adaptive intervention to manage gestational weight gain: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial in women with overweight and obesity. JMIR Research Protocols; 7:e150.
  • Drewnowski, A., Caballero, B., Das, J., French, J., Prentice, A., Fries, L., van Koperen, T., Klassen-Wigger, P., and Rolls, B.J. (2018). Novel public-private partnerships to address the double burden of malnutrition. Nutrition Reviews; 76: 805-821.
  • James, B.L., Roe, L.S., Loken, E. and Rolls, B.J. (2018). Early predictors of weight loss in a one-year behavioral weight-loss program. Obesity Science & Practice; 4:20-28.
  • James, B.L., Loken, E., Roe, L.S. and Rolls, B.J. (2017). The Weight-Related Eating Questionnaire offers a concise alternative to the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire for measuring eating behaviors related to weight loss. Appetite; 116:108-114.
  • Rolls, B.J. (2017). Dietary energy density: Applying behavioural science to weight management. Nutrition Bulletin; 42:246-253.
  • Rolls, B.J., Roe, L.S., James, B.L. and Sanchez, C.E. (2017). Does the incorporation of portion-control strategies in a behavioral program improve weight loss in a one-year randomized controlled trial? International Journal of Obesity; 41:434-442.
  • English, L.K., Fearnbach, S.N., Wilson, S.J., Fisher, J.O., Savage, J.S., Rolls, B.J. and Keller, K.L. (2017). Food portion size and energy density evoke different patterns of brain activation in children. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 105:295-305.
  • Masheb, R.M., Dorflinger, L.M., Rolls, B.J., Mitchell, D.C. and Grilo, C.M. (2016). Binge abstinence is associated with reduced energy intake after treatment in patients with binge eating disorder and obesity. Obesity; 24:2491-2496.
  • Vernarelli, J.A., Mitchell, D.C., Rolls, B.J. and Hartman, T.J. (2016). Dietary energy density and obesity: How consumption patterns differ by body weight status. European Journal of Nutrition; 57:351-361.
  • Kling, S.M., Roe, L.S., Sanchez, C.E. and Rolls, B.J. (2016). Does milk matter: Is children’s intake affected by the type or amount of milk served at a meal? Appetite; 105:509-518.
  • English, L.K., Fearnbach, S.N., Lasschuijt, M., Schlegel, A., Anderson, K., Harris, S., Wilson, S.J., Fisher, J.O., Williams, J.S., Rolls, B.J. and Keller, K.L. (2016). Brain regions implicated in inhibitory control and reward are activated in response to food portion size and energy density in children. International Journal of Obesity; 40:1515-1522.
  • Roe, L.S., Kling, S.M. and Rolls, B.J. (2016). What is eaten when all of the foods at a meal are served in large portions? Appetite; 99:1-9.
  • Zuraikat, F.M., Roe, L.S., Privitera, G.J. and Rolls, B.J. (2016). Increasing the size of portion options affects intake but not portion selection at a meal. Appetite; 98:95-100.
  • Fearnbach, S.N., English, L.K., Lasschuijt, M., Wilson, S.J., Savage, J.S., Fisher, J.O., Rolls, B.J. and Keller, K.L. (2016). Brain response to images of food varying in energy density is associated with body composition in 7- to 10-year-old children: results of an exploratory study. Physiology and Behavior; 162:3-9.
  • Kling, S.M., Roe, L.S., Keller, K.L. and Rolls, B.J. (2016). Double trouble: Portion size and energy density combine to increase preschool children’s lunch intake. Physiology and Behavior; 162:18-26.
  • Cravener, T. L., Schlecter, H., Loeb, K. L., Radnitz, C., Schwartz, M., Zucker, N., Finkelstein, S., Wang, C. Y., Rolls, B. J. and Keller, K.L. (2015). Feeding strategies derived from behavioral economics and psychology can increase vegetable intake in children as part of a home-based intervention: results of a pilot study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; 115:1798-1807.
  • Vernarelli, J.A., Mitchell, D.C., Rolls, B.J., and Hartman, T.J.  (2015). Dietary energy density is associated with obesity and other biomarkers of chronic disease in US adults. European Journal of Nutrition; 54:59-65.
  • Rolls, B.J., Meengs, J.S. and Roe, L.S. (2014). Variations in cereal volume affect the amount selected and eaten for breakfast. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; 114:1411-1416.
  • Williams, R.A., Roe, L.S. and Rolls, B.J. (2014). Assessment of satiety depends on the energy density and portion size of the test meal. Obesity; 22:318-324.
  • Hill, B.R., Rolls, B.J., Roe, L.S., De Souza, M.J. and Williams, N.I. (2013). Ghrelin and peptide YY increase with weight loss during a 12-month intervention to reduce dietary energy density in obese women. Peptides; 49: 138-144.
  •  Vernarelli, J., Mitchell, D.C., Rolls, B.J. and Hartman, T.J. (2013). Methods for calculating dietary energy density in a nationally representative sample. Procedia Food Science; 2:68-74.
  • Roe, L.S., Meengs, J.S., Birch, L.L. and Rolls, B.J. (2013). Serving a variety of vegetables and fruit as a snack increased intake in preschool children. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 98:693-9.
  • Scheid, J.L., Birch, L.L., Williams, N.I., Rolls, B.J. and De Souza, M.J. (2013). Postprandial peptide YY is lower in young college-aged women with high dietary cognitive restraint. Physiology and Behavior; 120:26-33.

Reviews and Book Chapters (past 5 years):

  • Rolls, B.J. (2018). The role of portion size, energy density, and variety in obesity and weight management. In: Handbook of Obesity Treatment, 2nd Edition. Eds. Wadden, T.A., and Bray, G.A. Guilford Press, New York, NY.
  • Smethers, A.D. and Rolls, B.J. (2018). Dietary management of obesity: Cornerstones of healthy eating patterns. Medical Clinics of North America; 102, 107-124.
  •  James, B.L., Loken, E., Roe, L.S. and Rolls, B.J. (2017). The Weight-Related Eating Questionnaire offers a concise alternative to the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire for measuring eating behaviors related to weight loss. Appetite; 116, 108-114.
  • Rolls, B.J. and Kling, S.M. (2017) Portion size and energy density. In: Eating Disorders and Obesity: A Comprehensive Handbook, 3rd Edition. Eds. Brownell, K. and Walsh, T. Guilford Press, New York, NY. pp. 506-511.
  • MacLean, P.S., Wing, R.R., Davidson, T., Epstein, L., Goodpaster, B., Hall, K.D., Levin, B.E., Perri, M.G., Rolls, B.J., Rosenbaum, M., Rothman, A.J., Ryan, D. (2015). NIH Working Group report: Innovative research to improve maintenance of weight loss. Obesity; 23, 7-15.
  • Casazza, K., Brown, A., Astrup, A., Bertz, F., Baum C., Bohan Brown, M., Dawson, J., Durant, N., Dutton, G., Fields, D.A., Fontaine, K.R., Levitsky, D., Mehta, T., Menachemi, N., Newby, P., Pate, R., Raynor, H., Rolls, B.J., Sen, B., Smith, D.L. Jr, Thomas, D., Wansink, B., Allison, D.B., and Heymsfield, S. (2015). Weighing the evidence of common beliefs in obesity research. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition; 55, 14, 2014-2053.
  • Rolls, B.J. (2014). What is the role of portion control in weight management? International Journal of Obesity; 38, S1-S8.
  • Rolls, B.J., Williams, R.A. and Keller, K.L. (2014). The role of dietary energy density in weight management. In: Managing and Preventing Obesity: Behavioural Factors and Dietary Interventions. Ed. Gill, T. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, England. pp. 135-148.
  • Keller, K.L., Rolls, B.J. and Kral, T.V.E. (2013). Impacts of energy density and portion size on satiation and satiety. In: Satiation, Satiety and the Control of Food Intake: Theory and Practice. Eds. Blundell, J. and Bellisle, F. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, England. pp. 115-127.
  • Casazza, K., Fontaine, K.R., Astrup, A., Birch, L.L., Brown, A.W., Bohan Brown, M.M., Durant, N., Dutton, G., Foster, E.M., Heymsfield, S.B., McIver, K., Mehta, T., Menachemi, N., Newby, P.K., Pate, R., Rolls, B.J., Sen, B., Smith, Jr. D.L. and Allison, D.B. (2013). Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about obesity. New England Journal of Medicine; 368:446-454.
Additional Information

Courses Taught:

  • NUTR 520 – Readings in Nutrition
  • NUTR 532 – Childhood Obesity
  • NUTR 533 – Adult Obesity
  • NUTR 534 – Readings in Ingestive Behavior